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I am happy to take this opportunity to thank the many people and organizations that have helped make this book possible.


The National Army Museum has given permission to quote from the papers of Sir Aylmer Hunter-Weston and Baron Rawlinson of Trent that are in their collection. The Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives of King's College London has granted permission to quote from the papers of Sir John Dill, R. C. Smith, K. H. Cousland, Col. Roderick Macleod, Viscount Allenby of Megiddo and of Felixstowe, Sir Launcelot Kiggell, and Sir Archibald Montgomery-Massingberd. The Trustees of the National Library of Scotland have granted permission to quote from the diary of Earl Haig of Bemersyde.


Many departments of the Imperial War Museum were helpful in the research for this book, especially the Departments of Documents, Photographs, Film, Sound Records, and the Department of Printed Books but with the exception of Mr. C. H. I am also grateful to IWM Sound Records for permission to quote from M. E. S. Laws, Sir Thomas Armstrong, J. Ashley, C. G. Dennys, T. W. Dove, and G. Parker. Messrs. Nick Hewitt and Chris McCarthy were helpful in getting me photocopies of their materials.


The Royal Artillery Institution allowed me to range freely through their wonderful holdings, and I owe thanks for advice, information, and cups of tea to Mrs. Janice Davies, Mrs. Bridget Timbers, and Mrs. Elizabeth Maisey. Two successive Historical Secretaries also require mention here: Brigadier K. A. Timbers, FI Mgt welcomed me as a researcher, shared his deep knowledge of artillery technology, and was instrumental in writing the glossary; and Lt. Col. Will Townend has given permission to quote from the papers in the RAI collections.


The descendants of L. A. Hawes, E. G. Angus, Baron Rawlinson of Trent, Baron Horne of Stirkoke, Sir Stanley von Donop, and Sir Ivor Maxse have also kindly given me permission to quote from their ancestors' papers. In some cases it has not been possible to trace all copyright holders; I can be reached at for any correspondence.


Professor Brian Bond, my supervisor, was extremely helpful while making me stand on my own. Mr., now Professor, Peter Simkins was a fount of thought-provoking information and sensible advice.


In the process of turning a dissertation into an e-book, Professor Paula Petrik very kindly allowed me to sit in on a class about history and websites and also made arrangements for me to use the scanning facilities of George Mason University.


Finally, I am very lucky that my parents never batted an eye when I kept pursuing my interest in a very specialized aspect of history. Thanks for making it all possible.



"The Infantry cannot do with a gun less": The Place of the Artillery
in the British Expeditionary Force, 1914-1918