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Archive Documents

 


Chapter 1

Europe and Asia Minor, 1924.


Chapter 2

Map: France, 1921. From Putnam's Handy Volume Atlas of the World. Published by G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York and London, 1921.


Chapter 3

Pascua's c.v., to the end of the Spanish Civil War. AHN-Madrid. Diversos. M. Pascua, Leg. 16, Exp. 3.

Pascua's notes. The first two pages of Pascua's handwritten notes describing his trip from Madrid to Moscow, and the installation of the Spanish embassy in the USSR. AHN-Madrid. Diversos. M. Pascua, Leg. 5, Exp. 7, 1.

Pascua's first home, the National Hotel, is located northwest of the Kremlin, on Manezhnaya Square, next to the Intourist office.

Distribution of diplomatic and support personnel in the Republic's Paris embassy in January 1939. Source: AHN-Madrid. Diversos. M. Pascua, Leg. 2, Exp. 14, 5.


Chapter 4

Komsomol relief campaign. Subscription list for Loyalist fund drive connected with the Komsomol relief campaign in the USSR. Source: AHN-SGC.

Komsomol Handbill. Handbill declaration announcing the opening of the Komsomol campaign in Republican Spain. Source: AHN-SGC.

Politburo protocol. First page of twelve-point Politburo protocol from 20 September 1936, entitled "Conference on the question of developing a campaign of assistance to the Spanish people." Source: RGASPI, f. 17, op. 120, del. 274, ll. 1.

Pascua Letter. 1 March 1939 letter from Pascua to his Soviet counterpart, thanking the government of the USSR for a 5 million franc contribution to Spanish refugees in southern France. Source: AHN-Madrid. Diversos. M. Pascua, leg. 2, exp. 14, 5-6.


Chapter 5

Identification cards. Identification cards of Basque children evacuated from Spain to the USSR. Source: AHN-SGC, PS Bilbao.

Letters home. Letters from Spanish children to their families in Spain. Source: AHN-SGC, PS Bilbao, Caja 5.

Rusia de Hoy. Double-page coverage of Spanish children in the USSR in Rusia de Hoy, publication of the Loyalist Friends of the Soviet Union. July 1938. Source: AHN-SGC.


Chapter 6

Bicycle tour. 24 February 1936 letter from José Rodríguez to José Díaz, soliciting help on the organization of a bicycle tour from Madrid to Russia. Source: AHN-SGC. PS Madrid, carp. 385, fol. 33-34.

Amigos de la Unión Soviética. A map published in Rusia de Hoy, March-April 1936, showing locations of local chapters of the Amigos de la Unión Soviética. Source: AHN-SGC.

Octubre. The first page of the first two issues of Octubre, publication of the Asociación de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (AEAR), which appeared in Madrid in spring 1933. Source: AHN-SGC.

Nuestro Cínema. Facsimiles of Nuestro Cínema, a theoretical review of cinema from a Bolshevik perspective that appeared in Spain following the declaration of the Second Republic. Source: Filmoteca Española.

Rusia de Hoy. Facsimiles of the journal Rusia de Hoy, published by the Amigos de la Unión Soviética during the period of the Second Republic. The publication often featured articles on the position of Soviet women and children. Source: AHN-SGC.

Women in Soviet society. Article from the journal Rusia de Hoy, September 1933, on the position of women in Soviet society. Source: AHN-SGC.

Marriage in the USSR. Article devoted to "Marriage in the USSR," appearing in Rusia de Hoy, March-April 1936. Source: AHN-SGC.

Travelogue. Travelogue piece, with accompanying photographs, entitled: "A Spanish miner's impressions of the Soviet Union," appearing in Rusia de Hoy, July, 1934. Source: AHN-SGC.

Soviet literature. Overview of contemporary Soviet literature, with accompanying photographs, appearing in Rusia de Hoy, November, 1933. Source: AHN-SGC.


Chapter 7

Advertisement. Advertisement for post-production dubbing service in Barcelona, through which many Soviet films passed prior to exhibition in the Spanish market. Source: Nuevo Cinema.

Soviet films. Handbills announcing the screening of Soviet films, sponsored by the Amigos de la Unión Sovética. Source: AHN-SGC.

Soviet films. Handbills announcing the screening of Soviet films, sponsored by the Amigos de la Unión Sovética. Source: AHN-SGC.

September appeal. A September 1937 appeal by the AUS for participation in commemorations marking the 20th anniversary of the Russian Revolution. Source: AHN-SGC.

Handbill. Handbill announcing a series of events at the Madrid Ateneo to mark the 20th anniversary of the Russian Revolution. Source: AHN-SGC.

Commemorative stamps. On the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the Russian Revolution the Amigos de la Unión Soviética issued a series of commemorative postage stamps on Soviet themes. Source: AHN-SGC.

20 years. Coverage of the 20th anniversary of the Russian Revolution in the Spanish communist daily Mundo Obrero. Source: AHN-SGC.

Soviet women. An AUS postcard celebrating the achievements of women in the USSR. Source: AHN-SGC.

Red Army Day. Handbills advertising the celebration of Red Army Day in March 1937, events organized by the Amigos de la Unión Soviética. Source: AHN-SGC.

AUS postcard. An AUS postcard celebrating the achievements of the Red Army. Source: AHN-SGC.

Komsomol. An AUS poster from 1937 encourages donations to the Pro-Komsomol subscription campaign. Source: AHN-SGC.

Stamps. On the occasion of the 21st anniversary of the Russian Revolution, the Amigos de la Unión Soviética issued these small stamps. Source: AHN-SGC.


Chapter 8

Salut, Ispaniia!. August 1937 article appearing in Rusia de Hoy, describing the popular Soviet play Salut, Ispaniia!, which featured Kseniia Sukhovskaia in the role of Dolores Ibárruri.


Chapter 9

The Mediterranean Basin.


Chapter 11

Spanish gold. The receipt for the Spanish gold, signed by Soviet and Republican officials. Source: AHN-Madrid. Diversos. M. Pascua, leg. 8, exp. 5.

 

Stalin and the Spanish Civil War