Appendix 5B. Supplemental Materials: Remains from selected factory towns throughout coastal Andhra

Europeans built "factories" up and down coastal Andhra. These sites were intended to house the cloth that had been purchased by the particular company while awaiting export. The factory complexes themselves, however, also housed the representative of the company, the factor, and thus became centers for exchanges between Europeans and the Indians with whom they dealt. As time wore on, factories and factory towns also became sites for weaver protest.

Essentially, there are no physical remains of factories in Andhra. Unlike the institution of the collector (a position still in use) with his residence and office, the collectorate building, the factory and the resident's house were done away with as institutions in the first part of the nineteenth century. The only vague evidence of such is what was left by the Dutch in Bhimilipatnam. A stronghold in Nagaluvancha may have been a Dutch factory, but there is no supporting evidence. Ingeram and Maddepollam, often referred to in this work in connection with factory goings on are bereft of any trace of factory buildings. Moglaturu, once the site of a small British factory, has only the local zamindar's residence still standing to point us to a structure from the same period.

(Photos taken Jan-Mar 2001)