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Selected Bibliography

 

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Primary Sources

Archival Sources

Berlin. Records of the Berlin Document Center. Personnel Records of SS Officers. [Now administered by the Bundesarchiv]. Filmed in NARA Record Group 242, microform A3343.

London. Wiener Library. Biographical Archive. Microfilm.

Madrid. Instituto de Historia y Cultura Militar (IHCM), Archivo General Militar de Avila. Archivo de la Guerra de Liberación. Documentacion Nacional. División Española de Volontarios (División Azul).

Madrid. Instituto de Historia y Cultura Militar (IHCM), Archivo General Militar de Guadalajara. Archivo de la División Española de Volontarios. Personnel Records.

Madrid. Ministerio del Aire. Dirección de Personal. Sección de Recompensas. Records of the Volunteer Air Squadrons.

Washington, D.C. National Archives and Records Administration. Cartographic and Architectural Branch. Record Group 242. German Army Eastern Front Situation Maps, "Lage Ost Karten."

Washington, D.C. National Archives and Records Administration. Military Records Division. Captured German World War II Documents, Record Group 242. Microfilm.

T-77 Armed Forces High Command (OKW)
T-78 Army High Command (OKH)
T-79 Army Military Districts (WK)
T-175 Reichsführer SS
T-311 Army Groups
T-312 Field Armies
T-314 Army Corps
T-315 Army Divisions
T-354 Waffen-SS Units
T-580 Berlin Document Center (Hoover Film Project)
T-611 Berlin Document Center (Koehl Film Project)

Washington, D.C. National Archives and Records Administration. Military Records Division. OSS Field Reports, Research and Analysis Reports, Record Group 226.

Published Documents

División Azul. Primer Cuaderno, División Azul. Madrid: Vicesecretaría de Educación Popular, 1942.

______. Sequndo Cuaderno, División Azul. Madrid: Vicesecretaría de Educación Popular, 1943.

Heiber, Helmut, ed. Hitlers Lagebesprechungen. Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1962.

______. Reichsführer! Briefe an und von Himmler. Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1968.

In't Veld, N. K. C. A. De SS en Nederland: Documenten uit SS-Archieven 1935-1945. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1976.

Klint, H., ed. Frikorps Danmark Krigsdagbog 7. Maj-11. August 1942. Copenhagen: Richard Levin, 1978.

Procureur-Fiscall bij het Bijzonder Gerechtshof te Amsterdam. Documentatie: status en werkzaamheid van Organisaties en Instellingen int de Tijd der Duitse Bezetting van Nederland. Amsterdam: Buijten & Schipperheijn, 1947.

Schram, Percy E., ed. Kriegstagebuch des Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (Wehrmachtführungsstab) 1940-45. 7 vols. Frankfurt am Main: Bernard & Graefe, 1963.

Statistisk sentralbyra (Norway). Statistikk overlanssvik 1940-45. Oslo: Statistisk Sentrabyra, 1954.

U. S. State Department. Documents on German Foreign Policy, 1918-45. 19 vols. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1949-83.

Wegner, Bernd. "Auf dem Weg zur pangermanischen Armeen: Dokumente zur Entstehungsgeschichte des III. ('Germanischen') SS-Panzerkorps." Militärgeschichtliche Mitteilungen 2 (1980): 101-36.

Van Heutsz, Joannes B. Wiking door Rusland. Amsterdam: Uitgeverij "Storm," 1942.

Published Personal Accounts, Diaries, and Memoirs

Ackermann Hanisch, Juan. A las Ordenes de Vuecencia: Autobiografía del intérprete de los Generales Muñoz Grandes y Esteban-Infantes. Madrid: Barbarroja, 1993.

Aufbruch: Briefe von germanischen Freiwilligen der SS Division Wiking. Berlin: Nibelungen, 1943.

Ciano, Galeazzo. The Ciano Diaries 1939-1943. Edited by Hugh Gibson. New York: Doubleday, 1946.

Degrelle, Léon. Die verlorene Legion. Oldendorf: Schütz, 1972.

Ezquerra, Miguel. Berlin: a vida o muerte. Barcelona: Ediciones Acervo, 1975.

Halder, Franz. Kriegstagebuch 1939-42. 3 vols. Edidted by Hans-Adolf Jacobsen. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 1964.

Hayes, Carlton J. H. Wartime Mission in Spain 1942-45. New York: Macmillan, 1945.

Hoare, Samuel John Gurney, Viscount Templeton. Ambassador on Special Mission. London: Collins, 1946.

K[aisergruber] , F[ernand]. Nous N'irons pas a Toupse; Du Donetz au Caucase, de Tcherkassy a l'Oder. Brussels: self-published, 1991.

Kaisergruber, Fernand. "Pensées fugitives et Souvenirs." Unpublished travel diary, 1941-46. Microfilm in author's possession.

Ladri, R. [Rene Ladrière]. "Carnet de Route de la Campagne de Russie 1941-42." Unpublished manuscript, n.d. Xerox in author's possession.

La Mazière, Christian de. The Captive Dreamer. Translated by Francis Stewart. New York: Dutton, 1974.

Labat, Eric. Les Places étaient chéres. Paris: La Table Ronde, 1969.

Lochner, Louis P., ed. The Goebbels Diaries. New York: Doubleday, 1948.

Martinez Esparza, José. Con la División Azul en Rusia. Madrid: Editorial Ejército, 1943.

Martinsen, K. B. Frikorps Danmarks Kampe. n.p., 1944. Xerox in Royal Army Library, Copenhagen.

Oroquieta Arbiol, Gérardo, and Cesar García Sánchez. De Leningrad a Odessa. Barcelona: Editorial AHR, 1958.

Palacios Cueto, Teodoro, and Torcuato Luca de Tena Brunet. Embajador en el Infierno: Memorias del Capitán Palacios. Barcelona: Planeta, 1955.

Remy [Gilbert Renault-Roulier]. Vae Victus ou Deux Ans dans la LVF. Paris: La Jeune Parque, 1948.

Rostaing, Pierre. Le Prix d'un Serment, 1941-45. Paris: La Table Ronde, 1975.

Rusco, Pierre, with Philippe Randa. Stoï!: quarante mois de combat sur le front russe. Paris: J. Grancher, 1988.

Schönhuber, Franz. Ich war dabei. Munich: Langen & Müller, 1981.

Serrano Suñer, Ramón. Entre Hendaya y Gibraltar. Madrid: Ediciones y Publicaciones Españolas, 1947.

Wigmans, Johan H. Ten Years in Russia and Siberia. London: Darton, Longman & Todd, 1964.


Secondary Sources

Unpublished Material

Bertetzko, Egon Alois. "Military Collaboration in the Germanic Countries 1940-45." MA thesis, University of California, Los Angeles, 1966.

"Collaboration Between Germany and her Allies During World War II." U.S. Army, Europe, Historical Division. Foreign Military Studies Monograph, MS #P108, 1953.

De Bruyne, Eddy. "Le Recrutement dans les Stalags et Oflags en faveur de la Légion Wallonie." Adapted from a study presented at the Center for Historical Documentation on War and Contemporary Society, Brussels, February 1998.

De Goy, Roger, comp. "Legión Belge Wallonie: Historique." Unpublished manuscript in calligraphy, 1948. Xerox in author's possession. Privately printed in typescript c1990.

Gelwick, Robert A. "Personnel Policies and Procedures of the Waffen-SS." Ph.D. diss., University of Nebraska, 1971.

Gingerich, Mark Philip. "Toward a Brotherhood in Arms: Waffen-SS Recruitment of Germanic Volunteers, 1940-1945." Ph.D. diss., University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1991.

Knight, Tommy J. "The Establishment of German Military Government in Belgium 1940-1941." Ph.D. diss., University of Texas-Austin, 1967.

Knoebel, Edgar E. "Racial Illusion and Military Necessity: A Study of SS Policy and Manpower Objectives in Occupied Belgium." Ph.D. diss., University of Colorado, 1965.

Stovall, John R. "Gottlob Berger and Waffen-SS Recruiting Policy." Ph.D. diss., University of Colorado, 1976.

Wolfson, Manfred. "The SS Leadership." Ph.D. diss., University of California, Berkeley, 1965.

Books

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______. SS: Hell on the Eastern Front: The Waffen-SS War in Russia, 1941-1945. Osceola, WI: Motorbooks International, 1998.

Anonymous. In't verleden ligt het heden: Iteêrlands grootheid in beeld. N.p., 1942.

Aron, Robert, with Georgette Elgey. The Vichy Regime 1940-44. Translated by Humphrey Hare. Boston: Putnam & Co., 1958.

Blanco, Juán Eugenio. Rusia no es Cuestión de un Día. Madrid: Publicaciones Españolas, 1954.

Brandt, Allen. The Last Knight of Flanders. Atglen, PA: Schiffer, 1998.

Brockdorff, Werner. Kollaboration oder Widerstand: Die Zusammenarbeit mit den Deutschen in den besetzten Ländern wahrend des zweiten Weltkerieges und deren schreckliche Folgen. Munich: Welsermühl, 1968.

Burdick, Charles B. Germany's Military Strategy and Spain in World War II. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1968.

Burrin, Philippe. France under the Germans: Collaboration and compromise. New York: New Press, 1996.

Buss, Phillip H., and Andrew Mollo. Hitler's Germanic Legions: An Illustrated History of the Western European Legions with the SS, 1941-1943. London: Macdonald and Janes, 1978.

Caballero Jurado, Carlos. Foreign Volunteers of the Wehrmacht, 1941-45. London: Osprey, 1991.

Christensen, Claus Bundgňrd, Niels Bo Poulsen, and Peter Scharff Smith. Under Hagekors og Dannebrog: Danskere i Waffen-SS 1940-1945. Copenhagen: Aschehoug, 1998.

Christiansen, K. O. Landssviger kriminaliteten i sociologisk belysning. 2 vols. Copenhagen: G.E.C. Gads, 1955.

Conway, Martin. Collaboration in Belgium: Léon Degrelle and the Rexist Movement. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1993.

Clark, Clyde L. , Evolution of the Franco Regime .n.p., 1951.

Dank, Milton. The French against the French. Philadelphia: Lippincott Co., 1974.

Dautricourt, J., ed. La jurisprudence militaire. Brussels: Lancier, 1946.

De Becker, Raymond, ed. La Collaboration en Belgigue (1940 à 1944) ou une révolution a vorteé. Brussels: Center de Recherche et d'Information Socio-politiques, 1970.

De Bruyne, Eddy. Dans l'étau de Degrelle. Verviers: Ed. Foxmaster, 1994.

______. Les wallons meurent à l'est. Brussels: Didier Hatier, 1991.

______. For Rex And For Belgium. Léon Degrelle and Walloon Political & Military Collaboration 1940-45. London: Helion & Co., 2003.

Degrelle, Léon. Epic: The Story of the Waffen-SS. Torrance, CA.: Institute for Historical Review, 1983.

Delarue, Jacques. Trafics et Crimes sous l'Occupation. Paris: Fayard, 1968.

Díaz de Villegas, José. La División Azul en Linea. Barcelona: Ediciones Acervo, 1957.

Doussinague, José M. España Tenía Razón. Madrid: Espasa Calpe, 1950.

Dülffer, Jost. Nazi Germany 1933-1945: Faith and Annihilation. New York: St. Martin's, 1996.

Duprat, Francois. Les campagnes de la Waffen-SS. 2 vols. Paris: Les Sept Couleurs, 1973.

______. Histoire des SS. Paris: Les Sept Couleurs, 1968.

Errando Vilar, Enrique. Campaña de Infierno: División Azul. Madrid: Rehyama, 1943.

Esteban-Infantes, Emilio. Blaue Division: Spaniens Freiwillige an der Ostfront. Abridged, translated by Werner Haupt. Leoni am Starnberger See: Druffel, 1958.

______. La División Azul: Donde Asia Empieza. Barcelona: Editorial AHR, 1956.

Fjørtoft, Kjell. De som tapte krigen. Oslo: Gyldendal, 1995

______. Veien til Østfronten: krigens mange ansikter. Oslo: Gyldendal norsk forlag, 1993.

Förster, Jurgen, and Gert R. Überschär. "Freiwillige für die 'Kreuzzug Europas gegen den Bolschewismus'." In Der Angriff auf die Sowjetunion. Vol. 4 in Das Deutsche Reich und der Zweite Weltkrieg. Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1983. Published in English as The Attack on the Soviet Union. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

García Pérez, Antonio. Héroes de España en Campos de Rusia 1941-42. Madrid: Editorial Camarasa, 1942.

García Pérez, Rafael. Franiquismo y Tercer Reich: las relaciones económicas hispano-alemanas durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Madrid: Centro de Estudios Constitucionales, 1994.

Garriga, Ramón. Las Relaciones Secretas entre Franco y Hitler. Buenos Aires: J. Alvarez, 1965.

Giolitto, Pierre. Volontaires franšais sous l'uniforme allemand. Paris: Perrin, 1999.

Gonzales Martínez, Andrés. Alas Españoles Sobre Moscú. Madrid: Editorial Aeronautica, 1955.

Gordon, Bertram M. Collaboration in France during the Second World War. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1980.

Gordon, Bertram M., ed. Historical Dictionary of World War II France: The Occupation, Vichy, and the Resistance, 1938-1946. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1998.

Haaest, Erik. Frikorps Danmark-folk fortaeller 1-3. 3 vols. Lynge: Bogans, 1975-76.

Halle, Frode. Fra Finland til Kaukasus: Nordmenn pa ěstfronten 1941-45. Oslo: Dreyers, 1972.

Halse, Svein. Mot sammenbruddet: Norsk soldat pa Østfronten, 1943-45. Oslo: Grøndahl, 1989.

Hathaway, Jay. In Perfect Formation: SS-Ideology and the SS-Junkerschule-Tölz. Atglen, PA: Schiffer, 1999.

Haupt, Werner. La Dernièr Bataille de Hitler. Paris: Editions France-Empire, 1966.

______. 1945: Das Ende im Osten. Dorheim: Podzun, 1970.

______. Heeregruppe Nord 1941-1945. Bad Nauheim: Podzun, 1966.

______. Der Kampf im Nordabschnitt der Ostfront. Bad Nauheim: Podzun, 1967.

Hausser, Paul. Soldaten wie andere auch: Der Weg der Waffen-SS. Osnabrück: Munin, 1966.

Herzog, Robert. Die Volksdeutschen in der Waffen-SS. Tübingen: Institut für Besatzungsfragen, 1955.

Hirschfeld, Gerhard. Nazi Rule and Dutch Collaboration: The Netherlands under German Occupation. Oxford: Berg, 1988.

Hoffmann, Joachim. Die Ostlegionen 1941-43: Turkotataren, Kaukasier und Wolgafinnen im deutschen Heer. Freiburg: Romach, 1976.

Höhne, Heinz. The Order of the Death's Head. Translated by Richard Barry. New York: Coward-McCann, 1970.

Homze, Edward L. Foreign Labor in Nazi Germany. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1967.

Husemann, Freidrich. Die guten Glaubens waren. 3 vols. Osnabrück: Munin, 1971-1977.

Jäckel, Eberhard. Frankreich in Hitlers Europa. Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1966.

______. Hitler's Weltanschauung: A Blueprint for Power. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1972.

Jackson, Julian. France: The Dark Years, 1940-1944. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Jokipii, Mauno. Panttipataljoona: Suomalaisen SS-pataljoonan historia. Helsinki: Weili & Göös, 1968.

Jong, Louis de. De Bezetting. Amsterdam: Querido, 1966.

______. Het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden in de Tweede Wereldoorloq. 10 vols. The Hague: Staatsuitgeverij, 1969-83.

Kleinfeld, Gerald R., and Lewis A. Tambs. Hitler's Spanish Legion: The Blue Division in Russia. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1979.

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______. Nordic Warriors: SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 24 Danmark, Eastern Front, 1943-45. Halifax, West Yorkshire, UK: Shelf Books, 1999.

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Lukacs, John A. The Last European War. Garden City, NY: Anchor, 1976.

Mabire, Jean. La Division Charlemagne: les combats des Franšais en Poméranie. Paris: Fayard, 1974.

______. Mourir a Berlin: les Franšais derniers défenseurs du bunker d'Adolf Hitler. Paris: Fayard, 1975.

Mabire, Jean, with P. Demaret. La Brigade Frankreich. Paris: Fayard, 1973.

Manninen, Ohto. "Operation Barbarossa and the Nordic Countries." In Scandinavia during the Second World War. Edited by Henrik S. Nissen. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1983.

Marini, Alberto. Fra Kaukasus til Leningrad. 3 vols. N.p.: Forlaget Zac, 1980.

Mason, Henry L. The Purge of the Dutch Quislings. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1952.

Massin, Willy. Limburgers in het Vlaams Legioen en de Waffen-SS. Diest: W. Massin, 1994.

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______. Towards the Final Solution: A History of European Racism. New York: H. Fertig, 1978.

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______. Europas verraten Söhnen. Munich: Universitas Verlag, 1980.

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______. Greep naar de macht: Vlaams-nationalisme en nieuwe orde: het VNV 1933-1945. Ghent: Perspectief, 1994.

______. " Military Collaboration in Belgium." In Wolfgang Benz, Johannes Houwing ten Cate and Gerhard Otto (ed.), Die Bürocratie der Okkupation. Strukturen der Herrschaft und Verwaltung im besetzten Europe. Vol. 4 of Nationsozialisische Besatzungspolitik in Europa 1939-1945. Berlin: Metropol, 1998.

______. Oostfronters: Vlamingen in het Vlaams Legioen en de Waffen-SS. Tielt: Lannoo, 1984.

Wohl, Robert. The Generation of 1914. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1979.

d'Ydewalle, Charles. "La Legion Wallonne sur le front Russe." In Histoire de Notre Tempes. Edited by Robert Aron. Paris: Librarie-Plon, 1968.

Zaretsky, Robert. Nîmes at War: Religion, Politics and Public Opinion in the Gard, 1938-44. University Park, PA: Penn State University Press, 1995.

Ziemke, Earl F. Stalingrad to Berlin: The German Defeat in the East. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1968.

Articles

Allardyce, Gilbert. "Jacques Doriot et l'esprit fasciste en France." Revue Historique de la Dieuxième Guerre Mondial 97 (1975): 31-44.

Barjaud, Yves. "Die Legion der antikommunistischen französchen Freiwilligen 1941-1944." Feldgrau 13:6 (December 1965): 129-32.

Berger, Gottlob. "Zum Ausbau der Waffen-SS." Nation Europa 3:4 (April 1953): 55-56.

"Blaue Division im Einsatz." Deutsche Soldaten-Zeitung 5 (1955): 7-8.

Bopq, Marie-Joseph. "L'Env˘lement de force des Alsaciens dans la Wehrmacht et la SS." Revue Historique de la Dieuxième Guerre Mondial 5 (October 1955): 33-42.

Cardona, Gabriel, and Alfredo Bosque Coma. "La División Azul: 50. Aniversario." Historia 16 (July 1991): 12-25.

Christensen, Claus Bundgňrd, Niels Bo Poulsen, and Peter Scharff Smith. "The Danish Volunteers in the Waffen SS and German Warfare at the Eastern Front." Contemporary European History 8:1 (March, 1999): 73-96.

Dankelmann, Otfried. "Zur Spanischen 'Nichtkriegsführung' im zweiten Weltkrieg." Zeitschrift für Militärgeschichte 9 (1970): 683-92.

Davey, Owen A. "The Origins of the Legion des Volontaires Franšais contre le Bolchevisme." Journal of Contemporary History 6:4 (1975): 29-45.

Eichholz, Dietrich. "Expansionsrichtung Nordeuropa. Der 'Europäische Grosswirtsschaftraum' und die Nordischen Länder nach dem faschistischen Uberfall auf die UdSSR." Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft 27:1 (1979): 17-31.

Förster, Jurgen. "Croisade de l'Europe contre les Bolschevism." Revue Historique de la Dieuxième Guerre Mondial 118 (1980): 1-26.

Gingerich, Mark P. "Waffen-SS recruitment in the 'Germanic' Lands, 1940-41." Historian 59 (Summer 1997): 815-30.

Gordon, Bertram M. "The Condottieri of the Collaboration: Mouvement Social Revolutionnaire." Journal of Contemporary History :2 (1975): 261-82.

______. "Un Soldat du Fascisme: l'Evolution politique de Joseph Darnaud." Revue Historique de la Dieuxième Guerre Mondial 108 (1977): 43-70.

Haupt, Werner. "Die Blaue Division in der Literature." Wehrwissenschaftliche Rundschau 9:4 (1959): 227-31.

Hoffmann, Stanley. "Collaborationism in France during World War II." Journal of Modern History 40:3 (1968): 375-98.

Jans, Otto. "Die europäischen Freiwilligenverbände im zweiten Weltkrieg und ihr Schicksal," 3 parts. Österreichischer Soldatenjahrkalender (1972): 51-76; (1973): 68-77; (1974): 64-70.

Kleinfeld, Gerald R., and Lewis Tambs. "North to Russia: The Spanish Blue Division in World War II." Military Affairs 37:2 (February 1973): 8-13.

Koehl, Robert. "The Character of the Nazi SS." Journal of Modern History 34: 9 (September 1962): 275-83.

Kren, George M., and Leon Rappoport. "The Waffen-SS: A Social Psychological Perspective." Armed Forces and Society 3 (Fall 1976): 87-102.

Lippert, H. M. "Legion Flandern." Nation Europa 5:3 (1952): 27-29.

Loock, Hans-Dietrich. "Zur 'Grossgermanischen Politik'des Dritten Reiches." Vierteljahrsheft für Zeitgeschichte 8:1(January 1960): 37-63.

Merglen, Albert. "Soldats franšais sous uniformes allemands 1941-45: LVF et Waffen-SS franšais." Revue Historique de la Dieuxième Guerre Mondial 108 (1977): 71-84.

O'Ballance, Edgar. "The Spanish Blue Division in the Second World War." Royal United Services Journal 109 (August 1964): 240-45.

Paetel, Karl O. "The Black Order: A Survey of Literature on the SS." Wiener Library Bulletin 13 (1959): 34-35.

Pozharskaya, S. P. "Golubaya Diviziya na Sovetsko-Germanskom Fronte 1941-43." Voprosy Istorii 8 (1969): 107-26.

Rempel, Gerhard. "Gottlob Berger and Waffen-SS Recruitment 1939-1945." Militärgeschichtliche Mitteilungen 27: 1 (1980): 107-22.

Salas Larrazábal, Jesús. "Actuación en Rusia de los Escuadrillas Expedicionarias Españolas." Aeroplano 2 (October 1984): 50-96

Salas Larrazabal, Ramón. "La Division 'AZUL'." Guerres Mondiales et Conflits Contemporains 158 (1990): 41-64.

Schellong, Conrad [Konrad]. "Langemarck." Nation Europa 10:4 (1955): 5-9.

Schickel, Alfred. "Wehrmacht und SS." Wehrwissenschaftliche Rundschau 19:5 (1969): 241-64.

Simpson, K. "The German Experience of Rear-Area Security on the Eastern Front 1941-45." Royal United Services Journal 121:4 (1976): 39-46.

Smyth, Denis. "The Dispatch of the Spanish Blue Division to the Russian Front: Reasons and Repercussions." European History Quarterly 24 (1994): 537-553.

Stein, George S. "The Myth of a European Army." Wiener Library Bulletin 19:2 (1965): 21-27.

Storlid, Po. "Frivillige pa tysk side i Annen Verdenskrig." Norsk Militaert Tidsskrift 151:8 (1981): 383-91.

Sundhaussen, Holm. "Zur Geschichte der Waffen-SS in Kroatien 1941-45." Südostforschungen 30:3 (1971): 176-96.

Thurbow, Richard C. "The Guardian of the 'Sacred Flame:' The Failed Political Resurrection of Sir Oswald Mosley after 1945." Journal of Contemporary History 33:2 (April 1998): 241-54.

Vernier, Ettore. "Freiwillige für Europa: Waffen-SS und europäischer Nationalismus." Der Freiwillige 22 (April 1976): 6-8 and (May 1976): 8-9.

Vivie, Francois Xavier de, ed. "L'Internationale SS." Historia Special edition no. 32 (1973). Paris: Librairie Jules Tallandier, 1973.

Wegner, Bernd. "Die Garde des Führers und die Feuerwehr der Ostfront: Zur Neueren Literatur uber die Waffen-SS." Militärgeschichtliche Mitteilungen 23: 1 (1978): 210-36.

Weidling, Helmuth. "Der Endkampf in Berlin—23.4 bis 2.5 1945," 3 parts. Translated from Russian by W. Ahrens. Wehrwissenschaftliche Rundschau 12 :1-3(1962).

Wever, Bruno de. " Rebellen an der Ostfront. Die flämischen Freiwilligen de Legion 'Flandern' und der Waffen-SS " Vierteljahrsheft für Zeitgeschichte 39 (1991) 589-610.

Interviews

Anfiesta, Dionisio García. Madrid, 21 March 1974. Captain, Spanish Air Force. Served with the 4th Air Squadron as a ground officer.

Brunaes, Ole. Glücksberg, 21-22 May 1982. Served as Lieutenant in the SS and in the Germanische Leitstelle.

Cuadra Medina, Mariano. Madrid, 21 March 1974. Lieutenant General, Spanish Air Force; later, Air Minister. Commanded the 4th Air Squadron in Russia, flying 103 sorties.

Dedouge, Andre. Brussels, 23 May 1982. Served in Walloon Legion and SS Wallonie from December 1942 through the war's end.

Degrelle, Léon. Madrid, 8 June 1982. Leader of Belgian Rex Party; enlisted in Walloon Legion; finished war as commander of SS Wallonie.

Esteban-Infantes, Julio. Madrid, 17 March 1974. Colonel, Spanish Army. Served as aide-de-camp to his brother, the second commander of the Spanish Volunteer Division.

Fenet, Henri. Paris, 3 June 1982. Served in SS Frankreich and Charlemagne, ending war in Berlin as a captain.

García Rebull, Tomás. Madrid, 20 March 1974. Lt. General, Spanish Army. Served as an infantry major in the Spanish Volunteer Division.

Gonzales Saez, Antonio. Madrid, 15 March 1974. Student Volunteer in the Spanish Division. Served through April, 1943 as a soldier.

Hellebaut, Franz. Brussels, 23 May 1982. Former Major, Belgian Army. Commander and Chief of Staff of SS Wallonie after release from German prisoner of war camp.

Jørgensen, Elo. Copenhagen, 25 May 1982. Served in SS Nordland through end of war as an NCO.

Kaisergruber, Fernand. Brussels, 23 May 1982; 26-28 October 2002. Served in Walloon Legion and SS Wallonie from 1942 to 1945 as NCO.

Kristiansen, Leif. Glücksberg, 21 May 1982. Served in SS Nordland, 1942-45.

Lenboe, Bent. Glücksberg, 21 May 1982. Served one year in SS Nordland.

Loock, Franz. Brussels, 23 May 1982. Served in Walloon Legion and SS Wallonie.

Loxano Cabo, María. Madrid, 20 March 1974. Served as a nurse in the medical services group of the Spanish Division through July 1942.

Mäder, Alfred. Rendsberg, 13 March 1981. Former major in the SS. Had experience with Dutch and Latvian volunteers.

Schulze-Kossens, Richard. Düsseldorf, 26 March 1981. Former colonel in the SS. Was an infantry officer on Russian and Western Fronts, military adjutant to von Ribbentrop and Hitler, and last commandant of the SS Cadet School, Bad Tölz.

Staal, Emil. Glücksberg, 21 May 1982. Joined SS Nordland at age nineteen; wounded in Caucasus in 1942 and discharged.

Vermeire, J. Brussels, 23 May 1982. Former captain in the SS. Served in SS Wallonie.

audio Vierendeels
Audio
Vierendeels, Franz. Groot-Bijaarden, Belgium, 29 May 1982. Enlisted in Flemish Legion; rose to lieutenant in SS Langemarck.

Vincx, Jan. Herenthals, Belgium, 29 May 1982. Enlisted in Flemish Legion; became lieutenant of artillery in SS Wiking.

 

A European Anabasis — Western European Volunteers
in the German Army and SS, 1940-1945